> Eczema Treatment
The term Eczema, which is a form of dermatitis, is widely used to
indicate a number of distressing skin conditions. Itching, flaking,
cracking, oozing and even occasional bleeding are some of the common
symptoms of eczema while skin edema, rashes, dryness and overall discomfort
are normally associated with this dermatological disorder. However,
eczema normally does not leave a scar if and when it is healed.
Some of the eczemas are of common types while there are others
that are rather rare. Among the common types is the Contact Dermatitis
that is caused by allergen that may result from a deferred reaction
to allergens like the poison ivy as also an irritation to chemicals.
Sometimes eczemas are caused by allergens and irritants acting together.
Contact Dermatitis, fortunately is curable if the allergens or the
irritants are removed from the immediate vicinity of the person
who has acquired eczema from them.
Atopic eczema is difficult to cure as it lies embedded in the genes
and is hereditary in nature. Atopic eczema is also linked with asthma
and hay fever where patients display itchy rashes on the neck, scalp,
face and buttocks – these symptoms are similar to Contact
Eczemas that affect infants (sometimes newborn babies too) are
known as Seborrhoeic Dermatitis that causes dry as well as greasy
scaling (a kind of dandruff) of the scalp, tending to reach down
to the eyebrows. Often purplish patches and pimples, all basically
flaking and peeling, appear in several adjoining areas. Seborrhoeic
Dermatitis however is mostly curable.
The skin among the seniors often becomes so dry during the long
winter months that they resemble the surface of a dry, cracked up
river bed. Eventually turning into Xerotic Eczema, it becomes a
source of constant irritation and itching.
Diagnosis for eczema is important – and must be performed
by a physician or dermatologist. This is because there are many,
many causes for a skin irritation that can be, or can mimic what
is actually labeled as eczema. An experienced dermatologist will
be able to tell you if you have a chronic form of eczema or just
a simple skin irritation from a new piece of clothing, detergent,
hand soap etc. Always see a dermatologist if you have repeated or
constant skin irritations.
Treatment of eczema is as varied as the ailment itself. However,
one factor primarily responsible for eczema to grow is the dryness
of the skin. Moisturizing the skin is of primary importance in controlling
eczema. Instead of using soaps and detergents, patients may use
Aqueous Creams to maintain natural skin oils to some extent. Indeed,
some soaps may actually be the cause of eczema conditions.
Eczema treatment should also take into account providing relief
from itching, and so, anti-itch drugs or antihistamines will help
while antibiotics may control the secondary infection resulting
from incessant scratching and scarping. Although the FDA strongly
objects to the use of corticosteroids and immunomodulators in eczema
treatment for fear of skin cancer, many professional medical organizations
disagree with the FDA’s findings, continuing with their eczema
treatment. Corticosteroids may also have other side effects and
must be prescribed by a family physician.
When ultra violet light therapy for eczema treatment was found
to be not so effective, PUVA combination therapy consisting of psoralen
and UVA clinically called photo-chemotherapy was introduced to control
In recent years, some very effective natural eczema treatment options
have become more popular. Some more popular natural treatments are
aloe vera, oatmeal (as a topical cream or a bath) and tea tree oil.
Linseed oil and cod liver oil has been used a topical treatment
for both itchiness and to stop the spreading of the skin irritation.
Because of the many forms of eczema, there is no sure fire way
to prevent skin outbreaks. There are some cautionary measures one
can take however. The most important preventative method is to keep
the skin hydrated. Using hydrating creams is one way of doing this
(besides adequate intake of water, daily), but one should always
‘test’ the cream on a small portion of skin to make
sure there are no reactions to the product.
Eczema is very common, and therefore there are now many cleansers
on the market are specifically designed to help reduce the irritation
of eczema. These cleansers usually contain natural ingredients and
help in hydrating and healing dry, cracked skin.
Clothing is now available for people with eczema – the clothing
has no known irritants and helps to reduce (or at least not aggravate)
the itchiness of irritated skin.